F1 drivers have to keep themselves fit to adapt to the demands of top-speed single-seater motor racing. All drivers undergo a period of conditioning to meet the physical demands of the sport. The drivers need the highest degree of stamina and endurances to compete effectively. Any Formula 1 driver has to be strong enough to last for full race distances.
A number of forces work on the car while it is moving and the driver
has to stave them off. Engines of Formula One cars produce extreme heat.
This puts huge strain on the body of drivers. During the course of a
race, drivers can sweat off anything up to 3kg of their body weight.
Intensive cardio-vascular training is given to the driver for creating
physical endurance. They have activities like running, swimming, cycling
or even roller-blading. Neck and chest muscles of the driver need to
withstand extreme pressure. Usual gym equipment is not fully able to
develop the muscles needed. So the driver use specially designed rigs
which enable them to develop those muscles. Strong arm muscles help
control the cars during long races.
F1 drivers take controlled diet to keep themselves fit. Like track and
field athletes, they regulate the amount of carbohydrate and protein
that they absorb. They take carbohydrate-rich food during the race
weekends. They also drink good amount of water before the race for heat
in the cockpit cause lot of sweating, and lack of water in body could
result in dehydration.
Fitness of drivers in Formula 1 racing has been discussed here in detail. Know why physical fitness is necessary for drivers in F1.