Modern F1 cars are specially designed single-seat vehicles for race purposes. These are open cockpit, open wheels race cars constructed with the principles of aerodynamics incorporated. Engines, tyres and all other components are developed for attaining ultra high speeds for a definite period of time.
Formula 1 cars have run for a decade with 3.0 litre naturally-aspirated
V10 engines. However, with the objective of curbing their speeds, the
FIA mandated for 2006 season that the cars be powered by 2.4 litre
naturally-aspirated engines in the V8 configuration. At the start of
2007 season the car engines were limited to 19,000 rpm. Only aluminum
and iron alloys are allowed to be used in Formula One cars.
Aerodynamics is used to enhance the car's grip and pace. F1 engineers
have found out the means of creating downforce with a relatively small
drag penalty. The FIA is planning to do away with the use of small
winglets and some other aerodynamics components. New regulations which
would come into effect in 2009 mandate halving the width of the rear
wing, and also standardise the centre section of the front wing.
F1 cars are constructed from composites of carbon fibre and expensive
ultra-lightweight materials. To meet the condition of minimum weight
permissible, teams add ballasts to their cars. Ballasts help in
providing ideal weight distribution to the cars for they can be added
anywhere in the car.
All aspects regarding F1 cars have been discussed in this section. F1 racing cars, specially designed for racing purpose, are open cockpit, open wheels race cars.